Analytics data is gathered on each request made to API Umbrella and logged to a database. The basic flow of how analytics data gets logged is:
[nginx] => [rsyslog] => [storage database]
To explain each step:
- nginx logs individual request data in JSON format to a local rsyslog server over a TCP socket (using lua-resty-logger-socket).
- rsyslog’s role in the middle is for a couple of primary purposes:
- It buffers the data locally so that if the analytics server is down or requests are coming in too quickly for the database to handle, the data can be queued.
- It can transform the data and send it to multiple different endpoints.
- The storage database stores the raw analytics data for further querying or processing.
Data is logged directly to Elasticsearch from rsyslog:
[nginx] ====> [rsyslog] ====> [Elasticsearch] JSON JSON
- rsyslog buffers and sends data to Elasticseach using the Elasticsearch Bulk API.
- rsyslog’s omelasticsearch output module is used.
The analytic APIs in the web application directly query Elasticsearch:
[api-umbrella-web-app] => [Elasticsearch]